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Journeys through the most exotic corners of our planet have one delicate moment: except unforgettable impressions and pictures you can bring home a couple of diseases.
Recommended Vaccinations for Africa
Based on doctors’ recommendations, when going to Africa it is necessary to do so much vaccinations that it can discourage even the fun of acupuncture. Judge for yourself: hepatitis А and B, typhoid, yellow fever, rabies, cholera, revaccination against polio, diphtheria and tetanus, parotitis, rubella, measles…
But do not hurry to say goodbye to your dream of conquest of Africa! Actually, almost all recommendations are simply standard measures of protection which have little connection with the reality. From 55 states of African continent, Tanzania has one of the highest level of health care and the journey here is much safer than in Egypt or Tunisia.
Required Vaccinations for Tanzania and Zanzibar
The only one compulsory vaccination for entering Tanzania is the immunization against yellow fever. But anyway, the certificate of vaccination is required only while visiting Zanzibar or endemic transit countries (Kenya, Ruanda and etc.). In other cases, the immunization against yellow fever is just a recommended measure rather than a mandatory one (the same applies to vaccinations against tetanus, cholera, hepatitis and typhoid fever).
If you have a little time before the departure, then do not experiment with the resistance of your immunity before taking your flight. The vaccination against yellow fever is held no earlier than 10 days before the departure and it is contraindicated for pregnant, people suffering from allergy to antibiotics and egg white.
And What about Vaccines against Malaria?
The risk to catch malaria, also known as “swamp-fever”, really exists in the area with the humid climate and a big quantity of insects. But in any other country, whether it be USA, Russia or Tanzania, there is no vaccine against it. In fact, the chance to meet a malarial mosquito is almost equals zero (or precisely 0,0022%). With such low percent of probability of the mosquito’s bite, this infection cannot avoid the immune system of your organism and in most cases it is suppressed by the body in the early phase. However, the minimal risk is still the risk, therefore, if you want to protect yourself 100%, you should follow the recommendations:
- Use qualitative repellents (DETA 20-30%) in the area with a high “mosquito activity”;
- You can also use some special medicines for the malaria prevention: Malarone, Doxycycline, Lariam (Mefloquine) etc. BUT before using please consult your doctor, because these are powerful drugs which may have significant side-effects.
- During safari it is better to stay at hotels / lodges because their rooms are equipped with insecticide-treated mosquito nets (refuse to stay in simple tents);
Carry a malaria rapid diagnostic test with you;
If you have high temperature, chills, vomiting and other symptoms of illness, do the malaria test and in case of a positive result, treat to the nearest hospital.
Yellow fever in Tanzania and Zanzibar
According to the Ministry of Health of Tanzania, there is no yellow fever in the country. The last accident was fixed in Tanzania in 1992 but the vaccination is required if you arrive from the territory of the epidemiological dangerous country, for example, neighboring Kenya.